Twelve Tribes of Ishmael
Ishmael (God will hear Jishmael) is the name of
Abraham’s oldest son. Ishmael was the first son of Abraham and Hagar, the
Egyptian handmaid of Sarah, the wife of Abraham. Sarah (Sarai) could not bare Abraham (Abram) any children.
Sarah told her husband to obtain children by her handmaid Hagar.
Ishmael was the son of Abraham and Hagar the Egyptian handmaid to Sarah. (Genesis 25:12-18).
Sarah and Abraham dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan. Sarah gave Hagar, her Egyptian maid, to her husband Abraham to be his wife. Hagar conceived and saw she was despised in the eyes of her mistress. Sarah told Abraham that her wrong would be upon him. She gave her maid to him and when she conceived Sarah was despised in her eyes.
Sarah said the LORD judges between me and you. Abraham reminded Sarah her maid was in her hand to do as she pleases. Sarah dealt hardly with her. Hagar fled from her face.
The angel of the LORD found Hagar by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. Hagar told the angel of the LORD she fled from the face of her mistress Sarah. The angel of the LORD told Hagar to return to her mistress, and submit herself under her hand. The angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. Hagar was told she would bear a son and shall call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
Hagar did as she was told by the angel of the LORD. Ishmael would be a wild man. His hand would be against every man, and every man’s hand against him. He shall dwell in the presence of all his brothers. (Genesis 16:1-12).
The LORD changed Abram name to Abraham, because the LORD made him a father of many nations and made a covenant between Abraham and the LORD. (Genesis 17:4-5). Abraham was ninety nine years old when the Almighty God made His everlasting covenant with him. The Almighty God promised to Abraham and his seed after him the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession.
The covenant of the Almighty God which Abraham shall keep and his seed after him is that every man child among him shall be circumcised. Abraham was to circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant between the LORD and Abraham. Those that are eight days old shall be circumcised. Every man child in Abraham’s generations. Those that are born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of his seed, shall be circumcised. (Genesis 17:8-12).
The LORD also changed Sari's name to Sarah. Sarah would be blessed by the LORD and a son be given to. Sarah will be a mother of nations, kings of people shall be of her. Sarah shall call her sons name Isaac and the LORD shall establish His covenant with Isaac for an everlasting covenant and with his seed after him. (Genesis 17:15-19).
When Ishmael was thirteen, God appeared to Abraham to tell him that Ishmael was not the promised heir. God made a covenant with Abraham that was to be passed down to the descendants of Isaac a son who would be conceived by Sarah the following year. Because Abraham loved Ishmael, God promised to bless Ishmael and promised to make him fruitful, and multiply him exceedingly. Ishmael would have twelve princes and the LORD would make him a great nation. (Genesis 17:19-20).
Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him. Abraham was ninety nine years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. (Genesis 17:23-25). Sarah saw sixteen year old Ishmael making fun of Isaac at the customary feast to celebrate Isaac’s weaning. She was furious and demanded that Abraham disown Ishmael and his mother so Ishmael could not share Isaac’s inheritance. Abraham was reluctant to cast out Ishmael and Hagar, but he did so when instructed by God. Isaac would be the seed of Abraham. Ishmael would also be made a nation because of Abraham’s seed. (Genesis 21:8-13).
Abraham rose early in the morning and took bread and a bottle of water and gave it to Hagar and sent her and Ishmael away. Hagar and Ishmael wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba. When their water was gone and Ishmael grew weary, Hagar placed him under a shrub to await death. The angel of God again contacted Hagar and showed her a well. Again the angel of God reminded Hagar that Ishmael would be made a great nation. After drawing water, she returned to Ishmael. Ishmael grew up in the wilderness of Paran and gained fame as an archer. Hagar arranged his marriage to an Egyptian wife. (Genesis 21:14-21).
When Abraham died, Ishmael returned from exile to help Isaac with the burial. (Genesis 25:9).
These are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom the handmaid of Sarah, Hagar the Egyptian, bare unto Abraham: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadar, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations. (Genesis 25:13-16).
Ishmael was one hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people. They dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, before Egypt, as they went toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren. (Genesis 25:12-18).
Esau, the brother of Jacob and son of Isaac, sold his birthright to Jacob. Esau went into Ishmael, and took a wife Mahalath, the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth to be his wife. (Genesis 28:9). Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth. (Genesis 36: 1-3). Esau the father of the Edomites dwelt in mount Seir. Esau is Edom. (Genesis 36:8).
Joseph, the favorite son of Jacob, later named Israel by the LORD GOD, was sold into slavery by his brothers who were jealous of him. There was a company of Ishmaelites who came from Gilead with their camels bearing spices, balm, and myrrh going to carry it down to Egypt. Joseph was sold to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver and brought was carried into Egypt. That is how the tribes of Israel came to be in Egypt. (Genesis 37:25-28).
Abraham had two sons, one by a bondmaid, and the other by a freewoman. Those being born of the bondwoman was born after the flesh. Those being born of the freewoman was by promise. This is an allegory (238.A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms: symbolic). These are the two covenants.
The covenant from the Mount Sinai gives birth to bondage, which is Agar (28.Agar of Hebrew origin 01904. Hagar, the concubine of Abraham Hagar). This Agar (28. Agar of Hebrew origin 01904. Hagar, the concubine of Abraham Hagar) is Mount Sinai in Arabia, answers to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. “For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.” (Isaiah 54:1). Like Isaac was, we are the children of promise. Sons of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. (Galatians 4:22-30).
Ishmael was the father of the Ishmaelites, a nomadic nation which lived in northern Arabia. Modern-day Arabs claim descent from Ishmael, and the religion of Islam is his legacy.