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The Tribe of Nebajoth

Nebajoth, A son of Ishmael and the country settled by him.

Ishmael was the first son of Abraham and Hagar, the Egyptian handmaid of Sarah, the wife of Abraham. Sarah (Sarai) could not bare Abraham (Abram) any children. Sarah told her husband to obtain children by her handmaid Hagar.

Sarah and Abraham dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan. Sarah gave Hagar, her Egyptian maid, to her husband Abraham to be his wife. Hagar conceived and saw she was despised in the eyes of her mistress.

Sarah told Abraham that her wrong would be upon him. She gave her maid to him and when she conceived Sarah was despised in her eyes. Sarah said the LORD judges between me and you. Abraham reminded Sarah her maid was in her hand to do as she pleases. Sarah dealt hardly with her. Hagar fled from her face.

The Angel of the LORD found Hagar by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. Hagar told the Angel of the LORD she had fled from the face of her mistress Sarah. The Angel of the LORD told Hagar to return to her mistress, and submit herself under her hand. The Angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. Hagar was told she would bear a son and shall call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. Hagar did as she was told by the Angel of the LORD.

The two sons of Abraham were Isaac whose mother was Sarah, and Ishmael whose mother was Hagar the handmaid to Sarah. Hagar's son Ishmael would be a wild man. His hand would be against every man, and every man’s hand against him. He shall dwell in the presence of all his brothers. (Genesis 16:1-12).

These are the generations of Ishmael; the firstborn was Nebaioth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael. (1 Chronicles 1:28-31).

The tribe of Nebajoth was distinguished for raising sheep. The rams of Nebaioth are the gifts which these Nomadic tribes of the desert would consecrate on the altar of God. (Isaiah 60:7).

The sister of Nebajoth, the daughter Ishmael, Mahalath, was married to Esau. Esau was the oldest son of Isaac and Rebekah. Isaac was the son of Abraham and Sarah. Isaac had two twin sons Esau and Jacob. They struggled together within Rebekah. The LORD told her that there were two nations within her womb and two manners of people. One people shall be stronger than the other peopled the elder shall serve the younger. The first twin came out red all over like a hairy garment and was called Esau. The second twin had his hand on this brother’s heel and his name was called Jacob. Esau was a cunning hunter, Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field, and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. Esau was the favorite son of Isaac. The favorite of Rebekah was Jacob. (Genesis 25:23-25).

Jacob cooked pottage (a stew) one day when his brother Esau came in from the field faint with hunger. Esau told Jacob to feed him some of the red pottage because he was faint; therefore his name was called Edom. Jacob told his brother to sell him that day his birthright. Esau said he was at the point to die and swore to give Jacob his birthright. Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils. Esau ate and drank, rose up and went his way. Esau despised his birthright. (Genesis 26:19-34).

When Isaac was old and his eyes were dim and he couldn’t see he called Esau to go get him some venison. Isaac wanted to eat the savory meat that he loved so his soul may bless Esau. Rebekah heard this and told Jacob to go to the flock and bring two good kids from the goats. Rebekah made a savory meat for Isaac. Rebekah took raiment belonging to Esau to put on Jacob. She put the skins of the kids of the goats upon the Jacobs hands and upon his smooth neck. Jacob took the venison into Isaac and received the blessing...

“And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my son [is] as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed: Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee: cursed [be] every one that curseth thee, and blessed [be] he that blesseth thee.” (Ge 27:27-29 AV)

The marriage between the Mahalath, sister to Nebajoth and daughter of Ishmael, to Esau, fullfilled the establishment of one of two nations promised by the LORD GOD.

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