Simon - Who is called Peter
One of the Twelve Disciples of Jesus Christ
Simon, who is called Peter, was a fisherman. Simon Peter and Andrew, his brother were fishing by the Sea of Galilee when Jesus called them to be fishers of men. They left their nets, and followed Jesus. (Matthew 10:2; Mark 3:16).
He was the son of Jona, and was called Cephas, which is by interpretation, a rock. Cephas is a Syriac surname which was given to Simon by Jesus Christ. The Greek translate Cephas as Petrus. (Matthew 4:18-20).
It would be reasonable to assume both Simon Peter and his brother Andrew had religious instruction since they were aware of the Old Testament prophecies of the coming of the Messiah. It was Andrew who told his brother Simon they had found the Messias, which is interpreted, the Christ.
Simon Peter, Andrew and Philip were from the city of Bethsaida, which is on the western coast of the Sea of Galilee. (John 1:39-44).
Simon Peter was married and Jesus healed his mother in law who was sick of a fever. (Mark 1:30).
When Jesus and the disciples came to Capernaum they were asked to pay a tribute. The tax man asked Peter why his master didn’t pay tribute. Peter was going to pay the tribute until Jesus stopped him and asked whom the kings of the earth takes custom or tribute of their own children or of strangers. Peter answered strangers. Jesus instructed Peter to go catch a fish in the lake when he opened his mouth Peter found money the exact amount needed. (Matthew 17:24-27).
Simon Peter was asked by Jesus who he say’s Jesus was. Simon Peter answered Jesus saying He was the Christ, the Son of the Living God. Jesus told Simon he was blessed because it was not flesh and blood who had revealed that to him. Only the Heavenly Father could have told him. It was because of this that Jesus called him Peter, and upon this rock Jesus will build His church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against this rock. Peter would be given the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatsoever Peter shall bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven. Whatsoever Peter shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 16:15-19).
"From that time forth" Jesus began to speak of his sufferings. For this Peter rebuked him. But our Lord in return rebuked Peter, speaking to him in sterner words than he ever used to any other of his disciples (Matthew 16:21-23; Mark 8:31-33).
One day by the lake of Gennesaret, or the Lake of Galilee, Jesus was crowded by people who wanted to hear the Word of God. There were two ships standing by the lake without the fishermen in them. The fishermen were washing their nets. Jesus entered into one of the ships which belonged to Simon Peter. Jesus asked Simon to put out a little from the land. It was there Jesus taught the people out of the ship. Once Jesus was finished speaking He told Simon to put out into the deep and let down the net to catch fish. Simon told the Master they had toiled all the night and didn’t catch anything; however, he would let down the nets for the Master. They let down the nets and enclosed a multitude of fishes in their net until the net broke. They called to their partners on the other ship to come and help; at which time they filled both the ships until they began to sink. When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at the knees of Jesus saying, depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord. Jesus told Simon to fear not from that time on they would catch men. (Luke 5:1-10).
Jesus told His followers that no man can come unto Him, except they were given unto Him by His Father, God. Many of his disciples went back and did not follow Him any longer. Jesus asked the twelve, Will you go away? It was Simon Peter who said it was Jesus who has the words of eternal life, where would they go? Simon Peter said they believe and was sure Jesus was the Christ, the Son of the Living God. (John 6: 65-69).
Jesus went to Gethsemane taking Peter, James, and John with Him. Jesus told them to sit while He prayed because of His exceeding sorrow. When Jesus returned to Peter, James and John, He found them asleep. Jesus asked Simon Peter why he was sleeping; Jesus also wanted to know if Simon Peter couldn’t stay awake and watch for one hour. Again Jesus went to pray upon His return again Jesus found the disciples sleeping. (Mark 14:32-42).
Jesus washed the feet of His disciples before the feast of the Passover. Jesus knew His hour had come when He would depart out of this world. When Jesus came to Simon Peter he asked Jesus why He was washing his feet and told Jesus He would never wash his feet. Jesus told Simon Peter if He didn’t wash his feet, Simon Peter would have no part with Jesus. Simon Peter told Jesus to wash not only his feet but his hands and head also. (John 13:1-9).
Simon Peter was very concerned when Jesus foretold His betrayal and demanded to know who it was Jesus spoke about. (John 13:24).
Simon Peter asked Jesus where He was going. Jesus told Simon Peter where He was going Simon Peter could not follow now; but shall follow Him afterwards. Peter said to Jesus he would lay down his life for His sake. This is when Jesus told Peter that the cock shall not crow, till he had denied Jesus thrice. (John 13:36-38)(Matthew 26:33-35).
When Jesus went to the Garden of Gethsemane He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with Him to watch and pray. They fell asleep twice. Jesus told them the second time sleep on now, and take your rest. The hour was at hand and the Son of man was betrayed into the hands of sinners. Jesus was betrayed by Judas with a great multitude with swords and staves. Jesus was betrayed with a kiss from Judas. (Matthew 26:36-48).
It was Simon Peter having a sword drew it and smote the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. (John 18:10).
Jesus was taken before the high priest Simon Peter and the other disciples followed Jesus. The disciples went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. Peter stood outside the door. A servant girl recognized Peter as a disciple of Jesus and ask him if he was a disciple. Peter answered he was not. The next time Simon Peter stood warming himself and was asked if he was a disciple of Jesus, again Peter answered he was not. The third time Peter was asked by the servants of the high priest, a kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, if Peter was in the garden with Jesus. Peter denied association with Jesus Christ a third time and immediately the cock crew. (John 18:15-37; Matthew 26:69-75).
The first day of the week after they laid the crucified Jesus in the sepulcher, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and found the stone was taken away. She ran to Simon Peter and the other disciples. Simon Peter was first to run to the sepulcher and saw the linen clothes lying. Peter took the napkin that was about the head of Jesus, and wrapped together in a place by itself. (John 20:1-10).
Jesus appeared to His disciples at the sea of Tiberias where Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples. Simon Peter said he was going fishing; the other also went by night the caught nothing. When the morning was come Jesus stood on the shore but the disciples did not recognize Him. Jesus told them to cast their net on the right side of the boat. It was the disciple whom Jesus loved that told Peter it was the Lord. When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord he removed his fisher coat unto Him and cast himself into the sea. Simon Peter went up and drew the net to the land full of great fishes. (John 21:1-17).
Peter stood in the midst of the disciples after the Ascension of Jesus and appointed Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias as disciples. (Acts 1:15-26).
Peter is the one who gave the address on the day of Pentecost after the Holy Ghost filled all who were with one accord. Those Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven who dwelled at Jerusalem heard the speaking with other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance and they were all amazed. There were some who mocked them saying they were full of new wine. Peter stood up with the eleven and addressed the men of Judea and those who dwelled at Jerusalem. Peter explained this was that which was spoken by the prophet Joel. (Acts 2:1-22).