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Guided Bible Studies for Hungry Christians

The Word on the Mountain
(Lesson 9)

The Hungry and the Thirsty (Part 3 of 5)
The Study of Thirst

“Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.” (Matthew 5:6 AV)



When a person belonging to the LORD GOD becomes hungry and thirsty for His Word and His Presence, his soul faints within him. When a soul faints, it makes a believer feel overwhelmed and shrouded in darkness, a condition that is only cured by eating the Bread of His Word and drinking the Water of His Grace.

It is the thirst that brings a person of God to drink his moving streams, gushing fountains and flowing rivers of cool, clear water, and it is His abundant Grace that satisfies and quenches the dry and desperate soul.

Although the nature of hunger and thirst are similar in causing the believer to desperately seek after Him, they differ in goals. A hungry believer is spiritually starved and longing for the Word and Teachings of the LORD GOD. A thirsty believer is spiritually dry and longing for the Presence of the LORD GOD. Subtle, but important differences to note, which will enable us to gain a deeper understanding of the Things He Wills us to know.

“And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and [there was] no water for the people to drink. Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore [is] this [that] thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me. And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?” (Exodus 17:1-7 AV)
409. The children of Israel were thirsty after their journey from the wilderness of sin, because there was not water to drink.

410. They pleaded with Moses to give them water to drink. Moses told them to quit chiding him, and asked why they were tempting the LORD GOD.

The journey through the wilderness was forced upon the children of Israel by the LORD GOD to teach them obedience and dependence on Him. It showed the narrow minded self focus of the children of Israel, through their crying to Moses about the lack of water, and displayed their disregard and lack of confidence for the provisions given to them by the LORD GOD.

411. Water was the liquid that they desired to drink.

412. The congregation obstinately murmured against Moses, and complained about Moses bringing them out of Egypt to kill them, their children and their cattle with thirst.

413. Moses went to the LORD GOD and told him the people were almost ready to stone him because of their thirst. The LORD GOD instructed Moses in how to provide water to His people.

1. Go before the people
2. Take with you the elders of Israel
3. Take your rod, and smote the river
4. Take the rod in your hand and go
5. Smite the rock in Horeb that I will stand before
6. Water will come out of the rock and the people may drink

The LORD GOD has the power to produce water anywhere, anytime and anyway to satisfy the thirst of His people. Yet, the people did not trust His provisions, and looked to their leader Moses to either give them drink, or force the LORD GOD to provide water to quench their thirst.

The LORD GOD chose to give Moses the power to produce water in the desert and give to His people to stop their obstinate chidings. He did not give the power to Moses without safeguards, without ceremony or without rules. It was a detailed instruction given to Moses, that he had to follow precisely...first with the congregations knowledge, and secondly with the witness of trusted elders. To weld the rod with the power given by the LORD GOD is not done lightly, and ceremonial conduct is instituted by Him so all who saw would have no doubt that it was through His Hand giving Power through the rod of Moses that water was received. It was through this unique movement of smiting the rod in the river of moving water, then taking the rod back into the hand and smiting the designated rock causing it to spew forth the water, that the abnormal event of making water from the rock can be attributed only to the moving of the LORD GOD and His providence through the hands of Moses, his chosen servant and leader of the children of Israel. It was the rock, a place of refuge on a very defined precipice, opened to quench the thirst for the impatient and demanding children of Israel by their Father LORD GOD through the rod of Moses.

“Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all [things]; Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all [things]: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee.” (Deuteronomy 28:47-48 AV)
414. The disobedient who do not serve the LORD GOD with joyfulness and gladness of heart, for His giving abundance of all things to them, will suffer hunger, thirst, nakedness and need, with a yoke of the iron of servitude upon his neck until they are destroyed.
“And Samson said, With the jawbone of an ass, heaps upon heaps, with the jaw of an ass have I slain a thousand men. And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking, that he cast away the jawbone out of his hand, and called that place Ramathlehi.”

“And he was sore athirst, and called on the LORD, and said, Thou hast given this great deliverance into the hand of thy servant: and now shall I die for thirst, and fall into the hand of the uncircumcised? But God clave an hollow place that [was] in the jaw, and there came water thereout; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again, and he revived: wherefore he called the name thereof Enhakkore, which [is] in Lehi unto this day.” (Judges 15:16-19 AV)
415. When a servant of the LORD GOD is thirsty to the point of spiritual death, he will fall into the hand of the uncircumcised.

The uncircumcised are the worldly people who do not belong or follow the LORD GOD and His Will and Ways.

416. The jaw of the ass that Samson used to slay a thousand men, was hollowed place and water flowed from the empty tooth socket to quench his thirst.

417. The quenching of the thirst of Samson brought a revival in his spirit.

Though the container used to supply the water was unusual, the content of water was the same nourishing and sustaining Grace given by the LORD GOD to revive his spirit. The LORD GOD supplies His water from the places, containers and tools that He chooses according to His Will. Not all provisions of drink are given in the same manner to all individuals, and the delivery of water for the quenching of spiritual thirst is chosen specifically for the individual and circumstances at the time with consideration of the events.

“As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God? My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where [is] thy God? When I remember these [things], I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him [for] the help of his countenance.” (Psalms 42:1-5 AV)
418. A soul thirsts for the living LORD GOD. To stand and appear before Him, to be with Him, to long to be in His presence causes this thirst.

419. Even when a person pours out his soul, with a gathered multitude congregated in the house of God, singing joyful praises and keeping the day Holy, the soul still is disquieted and thirsts for the real presence of the LORD GOD.

420. When a believer's soul is cast down and disquieted, they can lean on their hope in the LORD GOD, and praise him for the His salvation of His presence.
“(A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.) O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is; To see thy power and thy glory, so [as] I have seen thee in the sanctuary.” (Psalms 63:1-2 AV)
421. A soul thirsts to see the power and the glory of LORD GOD in the wilderness, where the His Grace is absent in the dry and barren world.
“Hear me, O LORD; for thy lovingkindness [is] good: turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies. And hide not thy face from thy servant; for I am in trouble: hear me speedily. Draw nigh unto my soul, [and] redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies. Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries [are] all before thee. Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none; and for comforters, but I found none. They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.” (Psalms 69:16-21 AV)
422. The enemies of a servant of the LORD GOD give vinegar, a leavened, pungent and sour drink of the world that brings harsh grief to the drinker.
“He sendeth the springs into the valleys, [which] run among the hills. They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst. By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, [which] sing among the branches. He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works. He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man’s heart. The trees of the LORD are full [of sap]; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted; Where the birds make their nests: [as for] the stork, the fir trees [are] her house. The high hills [are] a refuge for the wild goats; [and] the rocks for the conies.” (Psalms 104:10-18 AV)
423. The LORD GOD sends small springs of flowing water even into the places farthest away from His Spiritual Realm to give drink and provide satisfaction to every person who seeks to quench their spiritual thirst in their life of nature.

424. The Angels of Heaven that dwell among the works of the LORD GOD on earth, also receive drink and resulting satisfaction from His springs of moving Grace, sent to water His Things on earth.

425. The flowing springs of His Grace brings satisfaction to the earth through His Works, causes the grass to grow for mankind, and herbs to grow for the service of men so they might bring food out of the earth.

426. Even the wine, that makes glad the heart of man, and oil, that anoints His people and causes their face to shine, and His bread that strengthens man through His teachings, come from the flowing springs of His Grace.

427. It is through His moving and freely given Grace which gives full nourishment and satisfaction to the spiritual lives of the strongest planted servants of the LORD GOD that makes them able to accomplish the things He Wills.
“O give thanks unto the LORD, for [he is] good: for his mercy [endureth] for ever. Let the redeemed of the LORD say [so], whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy; And gathered them out of the lands, from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south. They wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in. Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them. Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, [and] he delivered them out of their distresses. And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation. Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men! For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.” (Psalms 107:1-9 AV)
428. The LORD GOD delivers His people from hungriness (spiritually starved and longing for His Teachings) and thirstiness (spiritually dry and longing for His Presence).

429. When a person belonging to the LORD GOD becomes hungry and thirsty for His Word and His Presence, his soul faints within him. When a soul faints, it makes a believer feel overwhelmed and shrouded in darkness, a condition that is cured by eating the Bread of His Word and drinking the Water of His Grace.

430. When a believer cries to the LORD GOD for their troubles resulting from their hunger and thirst, He will deliver them out of their distress, and lead them forward toward the right way to where they dwell.

431. The LORD GOD satisfies the longing soul (with His Presence) and fills the hungry soul (with His Word) with goodness.
“[As] cold waters to a thirsty soul, so [is] good news from a far country.” (Proverbs 25:25 AV)
432. Cold waters to a thirsty soul is like good news from a far country.
“It shall even be as when an hungry [man] dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, [he is] faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.” (Isaiah 29:8 AV)
433. When a man is hungry and is without the Word and Teachings of the LORD GOD, his soul is empty.

434. When a man is thirsty and without the Presence of the LORD GOD, his soul is faint.
“For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.” (Isaiah 32:6 AV)
435. Stupid and wicked people will do immoral, evil acts, which are profane and godless, causing moral and religious confusion and error to be spoken against the LORD GOD, for the purpose of making the souls of His people hungry, and causing His drink to them to fail.
“Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.” (Isaiah 55:1-3 AV)
436. The waters of the LORD GOD are freely given to everyone that is thirsty.

437. The waters of the LORD GOD include the substances of wine and milk, as well as water, as part of His moving Grace.

438. The water, milk and wine provided by the LORD GOD for the quenching of thirst amongst His people cannot be purchased with money nor is a price attached to them, however, all that come to drink from his waters must buy them.

When something is bought, it is acquired, taken, accepted. A transfer of ownership occurs. The waters of the LORD GOD are given completely to the thirsty seeker and they are given free of charge or expectation. These waters are the pure and flowing Grace, freely given by Him, to quench the thirst of those who seek longingly for His Presence.

439. The waters of the LORD GOD delight the soul with His abundant and anointed blessings.
“But ye [are] they that forsake the LORD, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table for that troop, and that furnish the drink offering unto that number. Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose [that] wherein I delighted not. Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed: Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit. And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto my chosen: for the Lord GOD shall slay thee, and call his servants by another name: That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.” (Isaiah 65:11-16 AV)
440. Those who once knew the LORD GOD, then forgot Him and His Spiritual Realm, and now depend on and honor the false gods of fortune rather than by the leading of Him are promised to be destroyed by Him. When He called, they did not answer, when He spoke they did not hear. They did evil before His eyes, and chose to do the things that did not delight Him.

441. The true and good servants of the LORD GOD are those who answer when He calls, hears when He speaks, and chooses to do the things that delight Him. He promises that they will eat when hungered, drink when thirsty, and rejoice and sing with joy in their heart.

442. The LORD GOD promises to withhold food and His waters from those who are against Him, and cause them sorrow of heart and a fracturing of their spirit, as well as a curse among His Chosen People.
“Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the LORD, and shall not find [it]. In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst. They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.” (Amos 8:11-14 AV)
443. In the last days, the LORD GOD will send a famine among the world, and the worldly will not be able to hear the words of the LORD GOD. They will wander all over the world, from sea to sea, north and east, to and fro to seek His Word, but they will not find it.

It is important to note how the LORD GOD has promised that there will not be a famine of bread or a thirst for water. Even in the last days, His people will be given and eat of His Bread of His Word, and Drink of His flowing Presence. It is not His people that will do without, but rather the people of the land, the world, that will reach the time when He no longer offers them his Word and Presence.

“Blessed [are] they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.” (Matthew 5:6 AV)
444. Jesus Christ said that those who thirst after righteousness will be filled.
“And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” (John 6:35 AV)
445. Jesus Christ says that He is the Bread of Life. Those that come to him will never be hungry.

446. Jesus Christ says that those who believe in him will never be thirsty.
“In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet [given]; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.) Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, Of a truth this is the Prophet. Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was? So there was a division among the people because of him. And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on him.” (John 7:37-44 AV)
447. Jesus Christ says that if any man is thirsty, to come unto him, and drink.

448. Jesus Christ has rivers of living water flowing out of his belly as was prophesized in Scripture.

The flowing waters of the grace of the LORD GOD culminated in the arrival of Jesus Christ, who had placed within him the living waters of His Father. Jesus Christ freely gives drink to the thirsty who long for the presence of the LORD GOD, and they receive Him through the living waters of Jesus Christ.

“Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.” (Romans 12:19-21 AV)
449. If your enemy is thirsty, rather than seeking retribution and returning evil for evil, give him the presence of the LORD GOD. Goodness coming to an enemy of your's and God's will be like heaping coals of fire on his head.
“After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.” (John 19:28-30 AV)
450. As our beloved Lord and Savior Jesus Christ hung on the cross, knowing that all had things had been accomplished according to the Word of the LORD GOD, he became thirsty. He desperately longed for the presence of His beloved Father to come unto Him, to comfort Him and not forsake him in his last moments of life before his death. It was not to be, as Jesus went to his grave and descended into hell without the Presence of the One He Loved until his glorious Resurrection three days later.

451. The enemies of Jesus Christ took advantage of his pleas for the quenching of his thirst, and offered him the leavened and soured waters of the world and put the vinegar to his mouth. When he tasted of the corrupted drink of the world, he said, “It is finished“ and he bowed his head and gave up the ghost.
“And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.” (Revelation 7:13-17 AV)
452. The saints in white robes who are those washed in the blood of Jesus Christ, will be with him one day. Jesus Christ will sit on his throne, and they shall dwell among them. They will hunger nor thirst any more for He will feed them and lead them into living fountains of the waters of the LORD GOD!

Oh Come Lord Jesus quickly!

Our next studies will focus on the two liquids that the LORD GOD has provided for his people to drink to satisfy their thirst for His Presence. We will study the nature of Water and Wine within the Word of God, to gain a deeper understanding of the things He Wills when His Son Jesus Christ spoke the words on the mountain...

“Blessed [are] they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.” (Matthew 5:6 AV)


Cite Article Source

MLA Style Citation:
McFarland, Kathy L. "The Hungry and the Thirsty (The Study of Thirst)." The Word on the Mountain Jan 2007.   <http://guidedbiblestudies.com/sermon/9mountain.htm>.

APA Style Citation:
McFarland, Kathy L. (2007, January) "The Hungry and the Thirsty (The Study of Thirst)." The Word on the Mountain Retrieved   from http://guidedbiblestudies.com/sermon/9mountain.htm

Chicago Style Citation:
McFarland, Kathy L.(2007) "The Hungry and the Thirsty (The Study of Thirst)." The Word on the Mountain (January), http://guidedbiblestudies.com/sermon/9mountain.htm (accessed )


About the Author

Kathy L. McFarland is a Becker Bible Studies Teacher and Author of Guided Bible Studies for Hungry Christians. She has received her Bachelor of Science degree in Religious Studies from Liberty University, and is currently seeking her Master of Divinity (Professional Ministries Track) degree from Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary & Graduate School. Kathy is a noted expert on Old Testament exegesis, Christian apologetics, and Bible typology and mysteries.

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